Golf is typically played by striking a golf ball from an area which is prepared, commonly referred to as a teeing ground, to a set hole in an area referred to as a putting green. The game is played in a golf course consisting of 18 holes; however there are courses with only 9 holes. The golf game may be a match play where the winner is decided by the set of holes lost and won or a stroke play where the winner is decided by the total strokes a player makes to finish the round. The game employs three principles, which cut across every course regardless of the location where the game is played. The course should be use as it is found and altering the course is highly discouraged, the golf ball used be hit how it lies regardless of whether it is in the water and a fair play is encouraged.
Golf games can be played in singles or in groups. A round is completed when the players have struck the ball through all the 18 or 9 holes of the golf course. There are terminologies used in relation to golf. It is important to understand the terminologies and their definitions to be able to play the game effectively.
The teeing area or ground refers to where a golf ball is struck. It is from this area where the golf ball is hot and propelled to a target hole.
The surrounding area of a golf course, in relation to a target hole, which is being played, is known as Through the Green. This encompasses the hazards but excludes the teeing area and the putting green.
The putting green consists of a hole which the golf ball hits from the teeing area is meant to end up. The hole is usually 41/2 inches in diameter and is where the golf ball is contained after being struck.
There are certain areas where it is prohibited to play golf.
Hazards on a golf course relate to bunkers and any water based regions found on the course.
Accumulated water or temporary water found on a golf course is referred to as casual water. However, frost and dew are not considered to be casual water.
There are objects present on the golf course and end up being obstructions or impediments when playing the game. These objects are known as Loose Impediments. They include leaves, twigs, stones and other natural objects, which are unlikely to stick to a golf ball and are not growing or fixed to any vegetation. On the other hand obstructions relate to objects, which deter proper play and are man made. They include out of bounds regions and any structures or constructions found on the golf course.
Holes made by the course keepers or any other regions on a golf course sealed for repair purposes are known as Grounds under repair.